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Posts Tagged ‘graphology’

Psychopaths and Narcissists More Likely to Virtue Signal

Monday, March 8th, 2021
Share Button defines virtue signaling as follows: “The sharing of one’s point of view on a social or political issue, often on social media, in order to garner praise or acknowledgment of one’s righteousness from others who share that point of view, or to passively rebuke those who do not: The virtue signaling of solidarity with the victims can be a comforting affirmation of community. Their outraged virtue signaling comes across as contrived.”

Social media is full of these types of attention-seeker phonies. One of the main problems with holier-than-thou virtue signaling is that it can overshadow the causes of those who are sincere and have actual legitimate claims of harm. 

You’ve probably suspected all along that psychopaths and narcissists are more likely to virtue signal. According to a recent study, that’s true. 

Adding thieves to the list of those who are more likely to virtue signal makes sense considering the above-linked study’s findings about virtue signaling as a means to steal funds and resources

“An emerging literature on competitive victimhood documents the prevalence of victim signaling by various social groups and provides evidence for its functionality as a resource extraction strategy. For instance, victim signaling justifies victim groups seeking retribution against alleged oppressors. Retribution often takes the form of demanding compensation through some kind of resource transfer from nonvictims to the alleged victim. Claiming victim status can also facilitate resource transfer by conferring moral immunity upon the claimant. Moral immunity shields the alleged victim from criticism about the means they might use to satisfy their demands. In other words, victim status can morally justify the use of deceit, intimidation, or even violence by alleged victims to achieve their goals. Relatedly, claiming victim status can lead observers to hold a person less blameworthy, excusing transgressions, such as the appropriation of private property or the infliction of pain upon others, that might otherwise bring condemnation or rebuke. Finally, claiming victim status elevates the claimant’s psychological standing, defined as a subjective sense of legitimacy or entitlement to speak up. A person who has the psychological standing can reject or ignore any objections by nonvictims to the unreasonableness of their demands. In contrast to victim signalers, people who do not publicly disclose their misfortune or disadvantage are less likely to reap the benefits of retributive compensation, moral immunity, deflection of blame, or psychological standing and would therefore find it difficult to initiate resource transfers.”

The study also links another trait, manipulation, with those who virtue signal. Manipulation comes in many forms, but some of the more prevalent include the following: conditional (vs. unconditional) behavior; passive-aggressive behavior; emotional exploitation; being excessively nice in an underhanded way; playing the poor me game; trying to make others feel guilty; and others.

Authentic victimhood is a serious matter, but it’s unfortunate so many vain, acquisitive, manipulative, and dishonest people get so much exposure.

You can try to go exclusively on gut instinct or word of mouth to avoid the bad apples in your personal and professional life, but it’s wise to consider multiple forms of assessment.

I readily and effectively identify severe forms of all the above red flag personality traits in my non-traditional security investigations, which include handwriting analysis, one of the most objective and non-discriminatory forms of personality analysis.

Copyright © 2021 Scott Petullo

Graphology: Why Everyone’s Handwriting is Unique

Monday, January 26th, 2015
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Everyone’s handwriting is unique as their individuality and their fingerprints. The complicated synchronization of mind function, nerves, and body serves to create a distinctive script style. Mind-writing is a more accurate way to describe handwriting.

To the untrained eye, one person’s handwriting may look similar to another’s, but consider some of the factors reviewed by well-trained handwriting analysts: baseline; capitals; connectives; connectivity; consistency; contradictions in script; compression; contraction/expansiveness; down-strokes; ductus; elaboration; expansion; finals; fluidity; form; harmony; hooks; jabs; knots; lead-ins; legibility; loops; margins; movement; organization; originality; personal pronoun I; pressure; retracing; rhythm; shading; signature; simplicity; size; slant; overall arrangement and picture of space; letter, word and line spacing; speed; spirals; tension; ties; zonal balance and much more.

The authentic personality strengths, challenges, fears, and defenses buried in the subconscious mind are revealed through hundreds of handwriting analysis indicators. These are the character traits that are visible to others when the subject is under pressure, when the real personality emerges, beyond the public facade.

Artists (or forgers) may claim to be able to imitate someone’s handwriting, but it’s a lot more difficult than it seems. First suspending your own unique handwriting patterns, then attempting to duplicate another person’s, is more difficult than trying to imitate their voice patterns.

Handwriting analysis has been relegated to the “pseudo science” junk heap by the misinformed. It also has to do with Bias.

Studies showing graphology to be “worthless” are baseless (and rooted in fraudulent science) due to, in part, these factors: they invariably use trivial graphology methodologies, such as the “this (single indicator) equals that (specific personality trait)” erroneous approach; they never employ or consult with well-trained handwriting analysts in their studies—doing so would foster a much more comprehensive, objective, and honest approach in delineating character.

Graphology is a valid science because it involves the objective collection of data through observation and experiment and the formulation and testing of hypotheses.

The science of graphology shows that everyone’s handwriting is unique. Although handwriting analysis uncovers many personality secrets, there’s a lot that it does not reveal.

Copyright © 2015 Scott Petullo

Revealed: Handwriting Analysis Measures Denial

Monday, September 15th, 2014
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Denial is one of the most common defense mechanisms, and everyone has at least some denial.

It’s a form of dishonesty, and it’s about average on the overall scale of dishonesty ranging from mostly innocuous (white lies) to abusive (intentional deceit).

Denial is useful to maintain sanity in that it blocks out all realities that produce more stress than the conscious mind can handle.

It becomes a serious problem when a person possesses excessive denial; instead of occasional rationalization, full-blown self-deception plays a significant role in his or her daily life, distorting reality to the point where he or she can’t make objective decisions.

Denial, or self-deception, detracts from leadership ability.

Being a form of dishonesty, excessive denial is one of the more dangerous traits that can increase your risk in business or your personal life. The person who is in deep denial is frequently not aware of it. He sincerely believes his own lies.

Fortunately, you don’t have to worry whether or not you can trust that potential new employee, business partner, or other important person in your life. Revealing the level of denial present in a person’s subconscious mind is readily feasible through handwriting analysis and unconventional security investigations.

Copyright © 2014 Scott Petullo

Leadership Measurable by Handwriting Analysis–8 Traits That Impair it

Monday, October 1st, 2012
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Merriam-Webster dictionary defines leadership as, “capacity to lead,” “the act or an instance of leading.”

Numerous personality traits are part of good leadership ability, including, but not limited to persuasiveness, ability to motivate and inspire others, enthusiasm, dynamic personality, decisiveness, determination, reasoning ability, self-confidence, and initiative.

True leadership is displayed during a crisis, such as when lives are threatened and a leader rises to the occasion, cool under pressure, and delivers everyone to safety.

Unfortunately, negative personality traits such as vanity, defiance, narrow-mindedness, timidity, excessive secrecy, self-deception, resentment, and domineering behavior detract from leadership ability.

All of the aforementioned personality traits (negative and positive) and others are readily assessed through handwriting analysis to determine a person’s ability to lead.

As one of the most effective means of identifying authentic personality, including leadership ability, handwriting analysis helps you to significantly reduce your business and personal related risk.

Copyright © 2012 Scott Petullo

Handwriting Analysis -6 Concerns Addressed

Friday, November 13th, 2009
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Handwriting analysis is the scientific investigation of handwriting to determine personality characteristics.

Although handwriting analysis is gaining in popularity, many misconceptions exist about this complex form of personality analysis.

Below we address six common concerns about handwriting analysis:

“If behavioral scientists had found it to be a valid tool, then they would have done so by now and it would be commonly used.”

Human behavioral studies involving handwriting analysis exist and it has been found to be a valid tool. More than 200 scientific papers have been published in non-graphological peer-reviewed publications in
the last 58 years:

Also, handwriting analysis is already commonly used in the workplace (and elsewhere) at this time, although it is more popular in Europe than it is in America.

“As a candidate for a job, I want to be considered due to my experience and talent, not the results of
some examination of my signature.”

Your signature (and how it relates to the rest of your script) is only part of what is analyzed. At least a
half page handwriting sample is best to properly analyze handwriting.

We and other respected professionals advise employers to hire based on a person’s experience, talent, and the results of personality testing methods, which indicate whether someone has the mindset for a particular job. We recommend the use of a range of evaluations (e.g., graphology in conjunction with other psychological testing methods), in addition to the interview to determine a person’s fit for the demands of any particular job.

As we say on our handwriting sample forms, “Decisions will not be made based only on the results of the graphological analysis, but in conjunction with the interview process, decision-maker observations, and other information.”

“What if 10 different handwriting analysts interpret a person’s script 10 different ways? Isn’t there a
problem with interpretation?”

We recommend employers hire well-trained graphologists, such as those who have earned certification from a respected handwriting analysis school. In doing so, the problem of varying interpretations is

“How does a person’s handwriting tell you ‘this person can or can’t do the job?’ This does not seem like a reasonable tool to help make hiring decisions.”

First, through the complex coordination of physical body, the nervous system, and mind function, you express yourself in your writing like no one else. Handwriting is called an expression of your true self because it has been shown to directly link to subconscious character, the real personality behind the public persona. It’s really mind-writing and it’s as unique as your fingerprints. Even twins have different fingerprints and they also have different handwriting, sometimes drastically different, if you delve into the hundreds of indicators used for a comprehensive analysis.

Handwriting analysis doesn’t directly predict the success of a job applicant. However, it does provide
infomation about whether or not the applicant is a match for the job based on the job description.
Motivtions (e.g., social involvement, recognition, money, etc.), intellect, work habits, communication skills, and emotional foundation are some common areas of assessment.

There are many personality traits that aren’t easy to measure by talking to an applicant, reviewing their resume, and having them take standard personality evaluations. Handwriting analysis is so valuable
because it assesses subconscious character, the actual personality, aside from the one presented or
witnessed when an individual is at their best. It goes beyond evaluating an applicant just for the job tasks.

Handwriting analysis is particularly useful in determining specific personality traits needed for a job, such as consistency, flexibility, sincerity, emotional maturity, ability to make distinctions, decision-making ability, analytical ability, problem solving ability, ability to cope with stress, objectivity, and much more.

“What if handwriting analysis exposes a questionable personality dynamic that you wouldn’t see
demonstrated on the job, that is totally unrelated to the position? I’d be concerned that this is an
invasion of my privacy.”

Established legal precedents exist in relation to handwriting analysis. One U.S. court ruled that your script is “behavior in public” and that using it as the foundation of personality evaluation can’t be viewed as an invasion of privacy. U.S. vs. Hazelwood School District 534 F 2nd 805 states that graphology is “not precluded in hiring if it is related to the job.”

Invasion of privacy hinges on the expectation of privacy, which vanishes when you fill out a job application in your handwriting and acknowledge that the employer will read it. Also, employers understand (e.g., through performance agreements, such as the one we use) that only the employer’s decision-makers (i.e., your interviewer, etc.), those supervisory personnel who have a “need to know,” are entitled to see the results of the analysis. The contents of each profile is kept confidential, as per the client-analyst agreement.

Besides, no ethical handwriting analyst would tell your prospective employer about your possible early-life sexual abuse, for example, because it’s not directly related to the job. It’s the responsibility of the graphologist to focus exclusively on personality traits required for optimum job performance, i.e., identify personality strengths and challenges related to the job position.

“The majority of adults entering the workforce today can’t even write. It’s becoming an obsolete skill due to computers.”

Although people aren’t writing as much as they used to due to computers, we believe almost everyone can still write, even those who just graduated from high school. Even if they use only printing and not
cursive, their script can still be analyzed. It’s very doubtful the ability to write will become totally obsolete.

We recommend handwriting analysis as one of the most effective forms of personality analysis in

Copyright © 2008 Scott Petullo, Stephen Petullo

5 More Handwriting Analysis Concerns Addressed

Friday, November 13th, 2009
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Handwriting analysis (graphology) shows how a person thinks and acts, along with their emotional balance, maturity, and much more. It denotes past conduct and displays potential for future behavior.

The fascinating thing about handwriting analysis is that you can interpret beyond the persona;
subconscious personality is revealed.

Common mistaken beliefs about handwriting analysis abound, such as that it involves only scrutiny of the signature or how attractive the script appears.

Below we deal with five common concerns about the science of graphology.

“My writing looks horrible! Will this rule me out?”

No. How your writing actually looks (form, etc.) is only one indicator of hundreds. Don’t worry. There are highly skilled and talented people throughout history who have messy-looking handwriting. The world is also replete with sociopaths who have very attractive-looking handwriting.

“What if I have a physical limitation, such as arthritis that limits my handwriting?”

Handwriting analysts take any physical limitation into consideration. As we list on our handwriting sample form, “Please explain any physical limitation that affects your handwriting…If you are using medication that you feel might alter your handwriting in any way, please say so and list the medication.” We also state on our “How to Prepare a Handwriting Sample” document, “Please state if you have suffered any emotional or physical trauma during the last year that might affect your handwriting,” and take such things into consideration when doing the analysis.

“What if my handwriting changes depending on the writing instrument and the surface on which I’m

A well-trained handwriting analyst gives specific directions to the person writing the handwriting sample to avoid any such concerns. Please see “How to Prepare a Handwriting Sample”. In this document, we ask that you use a regular ball-point pen, unlined paper, be seated comfortably at a desk or table, and write at least a half page, among other advice:

Also, most of the 300+ indicators of your handwriting change far less than you realize no matter with what or on what you are writing.

“If artists can alter their handwriting when they want, doesn’t this mean it’s not a useful personality assessment tool?”

If a person is applying for a job and they are told that as part of the hiring process they will be asked to submit a handwriting sample, and the sample directions list the following (among other requests): “The writing sample should be done in your normal writing style while you are comfortably seated at a table or desk. If you habitually print, then please also include a paragraph of cursive writing. If you normally have several styles of writing, you may also include samples of each,” then chances are they will not attempt to alter their usual script. Even if they do, a good analyst can spot affectation and bluff. By attempting to significantly alter his or her writing, the writer also would risk misrepresenting themselves to the detriment of appearing to not be a match for the job.

“According to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, handwriting analysis might seem to be discriminatory since if anyone who has a disability cannot take a test, then nobody can; evaluations that can’t be adapted for use by those who are disabled, such as a blind person, can’t be used by a
potential employer.”

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has stated, “We are not aware of any evidence or cases which suggest that graphology has an adverse impact on a protected class.”

Anyone who can write a few paragraphs of spontaneous writing, even if it is with their foot or mouth holding the pen, can have their handwriting analyzed. Despite what some might claim, a handwriting analyst can’t distinguish sex, sexual orientation, race, age, weight, height, religion, or marital status from a handwriting sample. Handwriting analysis might just be the most non-discriminatory personality profiling method in existence. Firm correlations between specific protected classes and handwriting
analysis indicators have not been identified.

An employer should make sure that every job applicant submits a handwriting sample, whether or not that applicant’s handwriting sample is to be analyzed, if the employer plans to analyze handwriting as a form of evaluation for the job.

We advise the utilization of graphology as one of the most valuable forms of character analysis available.

Copyright © 2008 Scott Petullo, Stephen Petullo

In Support of Handwriting Analysis

Friday, November 13th, 2009
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Skeptics of handwriting analysis say they want statistics on the validity of handwriting analysis, such as those involving published medical studies. Yet time and time again the outcomes of such scientific studies are proved unreliable due to bias (e.g., the study that found the drug superior was sponsored by the company that makes it).

Or, skeptics suggest that a handwriting analysis study should be “peer-reviewed.” However, there are many studies showing that peer review doesn’t enhance the accuracy of scientific work at all.

Even so, if they insist on scientific reviews, there exist many involving the science of handwriting analysis. The best anyone can do is to conduct objective empirical investigations, such as the ones here (extensive list–over 200, many from the past decade–of scientific papers published in non-graphological peer-reviewed journals since 1950):

You can’t prove that something has scientific validity. But you can prove a practice invalid. So far , handwriting analysis (or comprehensive astrology, or comprehensive numerology, etc.) has yet to be proven invalid. The above studies very firmly lend authenticity to the science of graphology.

An aside, handwriting analysts never claim 100% accuracy, and there doesn’t exist any psychological assessment tool that is 100% accurate.

Handwriting analysis is a valid supplement to other testing methods. It’s extremely useful in determining if a job applicant fits a job description, thereby saving the company time and money, along with helping to reduce security risks. It does not, however, directly predict the success of the applicant on the job.

Handwriting analysis is also extremely effective in assessing already existing employees’ strengths and challenges. It can go a long way in helping to improve workplace productivity and morale by uncovering true abilities and compatibility.

Reasonable levels of accuracy are assured if the graphologist has extensive training, such as by earning certification from a respected handwriting analysis school. An analyst knowledgeable in both trait-based and holistic approach graphology is best, rather than only one of the two methodologies.

A graphologist’s analysis is relative to the time the handwriting sample was written. Although it’s possible for a person’s script to change somewhat over time, the basic structure (organization, form, zonal balance, spacing, etc.) most often remains the same. But it is a good idea to have the person offer an updated writing sample for a current analysis if the person has gone through some major life changes, or if the last analysis they had done was when they were 23, and they are now 43, for example.

For those who are still skeptical of graphology, recall that many respected scientists in the earlier part of the twentieth century insisted that psychology could not be a science. It took decades for psychology to be accepted as the valid science it is today.

The U.S. Library of Congress catalogues graphology (handwriting analysis) books in the psychology, document examination, and personnel screening categories.

“Graphologist” (handwriting analyst) is listed in the U.S. Department of Labor’s Directory of Occupational Titles (DOT) as “miscellaneous professional.”

The U.S. Department of Labor Dictionary of Occupational Titles lists the profession of graphologist (handwriting analyst) as follows:

199.267-038 GRAPHOLOGIST Analyzes handwriting to appraise personal characteristics: Obtains handwriting specimen to observe overall appearance of writing and detailed formation of letters. Measures height of letters and slant of writing, using calibrated templates. Observes individual writing strokes to determine unique or distinguishing characteristics, using ruler and low-power magnifying glass or microscope. Evaluates handwriting sample and interprets findings, according to theories of handwriting analysis. May use diagram to plot writing characteristics. GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 89

Evidence of handwriting analysis having doneharm in personnel selection or in other applications in the workplace is non-existent.

Over 300 handwriting indicators must be considered in doing a thorough analysis. Some of the more notable considerations are as follows: consistency; compression; down-strokes; elaboration; expansion; finals; fluidity; form; harmony; lead-ins; loops; margins; movement; organization; pressure; rhythm; signature compared to the rest of script; size; slant; overall arrangement and picture of space; spacing (letter, word, line, etc.); speed; zonal balance and much more.

Does any single consideration, such as excessive elaboration, override the cumulative strength of the collective body of other considerations? No.

All of the hundreds of indicators in a handwriting sample collectively either support or reduce the energy of any one consideration. Any single indicator must be corroborated by other indicators. The analyst weighs individual considerations and then views them in the context of the entire writing sample; the sample Nis dissected then re-built into a profile outlining the personality.

Graphology is grounded in common sense. For example, pressure of handwriting is symbolic of emphasis in speech; size is representative of how much attention you want; slant is how you react (left = withdrawal, right = outwardly expressive); writing movement is how you act (e.g., appears to be moving forward quickly equates to high drive, etc.); and signature could be interpreted as how you want others to view you. Handwriting is like mind-writing and handwriting analysis is a mind interpretation method.

Graphology is a valid, ethical approach to help define a person’s abilities and challenges, and it can help employers run their businesses more efficiently (before and after hiring). It can also be used by parents, singles, couples, teachers, and anyone else who is seeking more understanding about themselves and others.

Copyright © 2008 Scott Petullo, Stephen Petullo